The first system of organized astrology was first used in Babylon around the second millennium BC. Soon after 3000BC, patterns in the galaxy were identified and named. The early astronomers of Mesopotamia identified five stars wandering in the galaxy. There was extensive use of omen-based astrology by the sixteenth century BC. Babylonian Beginnings The Babylonians are generally credited with the birth of astrology. Their astrological charts enabled them to predict the recurrence of seasons and certain celestial events. So in the beginning and for more than 2,000 years, astrology and astronomy were the same science.
Later, Hipparchus of Nicea, an ancient Greek mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer who lived from 190 to 120 BC, discovered that the Earth’s axis had changed since astrology was founded—approximately 1 degree every 72 years. This became known as the Precession of the Equinoxes. Astrology and astronomy were considered largely inseparable sciences until the end of the 17th century; even Johannes Kepler, who discovered the laws of planetary motion, had a side career casting.
Many know what’s it like to be lightly ribbed or outright ridiculed for their beliefs in astrology — but what if I told you some of the brightest minds in history were staunch defenders of astrology science?
Some of the most famous and lauded scientists, astronomers, and medical pioneers believed in the power of the celestial spheres and their influence on our minds, bodies, and fates.
Hippocrates was born in 460 BC in ancient Greece, and is often called the “Father of Medicine.”
He founded the entire field of medicine, establishing it as an area of study separate from philosophy and ritual magic. The Hippocratic Oath (“First, do no harm”) is synonymous with medical practice even in modern times. He developed one of the first schools of medicine, and he and his followers wrote libraries of medical treatises that are still being studied today.
He helped predict and fight the famous Plague of Athens, disconnected disease causes from superstition, and formalized both medicine and medical study. A true scientist, pioneer, and forward thinker. He also said this:
“A physician without a knowledge of astrology has no right to call himself a physician.”
Some versions of the quote are even harsher:
“He who does not understand astrology is not a doctor but a fool.” -Hippocrates
That’s right, Hippocrates was a huge believer in astrology science and its powerful effects on the human mind and body. He and his protege Galen often based medical theories on astrological movements and would even take the patient’s zodiac sign before they would begin any medical treatment. Hippocrates even taught astrology to his medical students.
Hippocrates believed that the patient’s astrological sign was useful as a kind of early “medical history” and genetic screening, giving clues as to what the patient was most at risk for. He and his school believed that the signs corresponded to different areas of the body that would be in greater danger of disease and trauma in the patient. From head to toe:
Aries - Head
Taurus - Throat
Gemini - Lungs, shoulders, arms, and hands
Cancer - Chest and stomach
Leo - Upper back and spine
Virgo - Intestines and nerves
Libra - Lower back, buttocks, skin
Scorpio - Sexual reproduction and waste systems
Sagittarius - Lever, hips, upper legs
Capricorn - Skeleton and joints
Aquarius - Blood and lower legs
Pisces - Fat, lymph, and feet
Consider that there is scientific evidence that the season of your birth appears to measurably affect susceptibility to mental and physical illness. Those born in winter appear to have a lower rate of lung cancer, while that same study indicates that summer births show an increase in asthma but a lower risk of diabetes.
Your month of birth even predicts your life span with a high degree of accuracy. Both of these fall in line with Hippocrates’ original assertions about the importance of astrology science.
Galileo is perhaps most famous for having been a vehement supporter of the heliocentric model of the solar system — the then-disputed fact that the Earth (and other planets) revolve around the Sun. His views were so strong and so well supported that he was ultimately tried for heresy and sentenced to house arrest.
In Curiosities of Literature, by Isaac Disraeli, Galileo was called the “Father of Modern Science.” Galileo made important discoveries in physics, math, astronomy, and he discovered the moons of Jupiter, the idea of the Milky Way galaxy as a mass of stars, and confirmed the Kepler Supernova. He greatly advanced telescope technology, creating telescopes with an unheard of 30x magnification. Needless to say, listing his contributions to science could fill a small library.
He was also a professional astrologer.
Galileo made a career out of drafting horoscopes for nobility and students and by interpreting astrological signs for patrons. His belief in astrology science didn’t start and end at his wallet — he was known to make astrological charts and horoscopes for himself and his daughters without prompting or payment.
A scientist who practiced astrology wouldn’t have been odd at the time: Galileo and his peers were referred to by the title mathematicus, meaning a combination of mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer.
Johannes Kepler is famous for a number of scientific breakthroughs, including discovering the elliptical orbits of planets and the other laws of planetary motion. These laws of planetary motion would go on to be used by Isaac Newton to develop his own theory of gravity.
Kepler studied under Tycho Brahe, who is also considered one of the most prominent astronomers in history. Expanding on Brahe’s models, Kepler would finish equation tables (the Rudolphine Tables) that would allow anyone to calculate the position of the planets, no matter how far into the future, based on extremely accurate models of the solar system and a precursor to calculus. Kepler also proved that tides were caused by the gravitational pull of the Moon.
In addition to his great feats of scientific discovery, Kepler also served as the official astrological adviser to the Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II. Kepler created complex horoscopes and astrological charts for the emperor, which may have guided the fate of an entire empire.
Whatever your astrological beliefs, know that you’re not alone — anywhere from 25% to 50% of people believe in astrology to some extent. Some believe astrology has an effect on their relationships, others believe their zodiac signs describe them accurately, and still others believe a horoscope can effectively predict their fate.
Some of the most intelligent, analytical minds in history believed the stars cast their influence on Earth and its people, and that influence could be both interpreted and divined to help themselves and the people around them.
Orion Constellation [Stellarium]
Constellation Orion the Hunter is a southern constellation sitting below constellation Taurus and above constellation Leups. Orion spans nearly 20 degrees of the Zodiac in the Sign of Gemini, and contains 13 named fixed stars.
(Star positions for year 2000)
The giant Orion was created out of an ox-hide by the Gods, Jupiter, Neptune and Mercury, at the request of Hyreus who had entertained them. He was blinded by Oenopion (the name means “wine-faced”) for having raped Merope, Oenopion’s daughter, but recovered his sight by exposing his eyes to the rising sun. In consequence of his boast that he could slay any beast bred upon the earth the scorpion (Scorpius) was brought forth and Orion died from its sting.
According to Ptolemy the bright stars with the exception of Betelgeuze and Bellatrix are like Jupiter and Saturn. It is said to give a strong and dignified nature, self-confidence, inconstancy, arrogance, violence, impiety, prosperity in trade and particularly by voyages or abroad, but danger of treachery and poison. It was thought by the Romans to be very harmful to cattle and productive of storms. By the Kabalists it is associated with the Hebrew letter Aleph and the 1st Tarot Trump “The Juggler.” 
Orion, the Giant, Hunter and Warrior admired in all historic ages as the most strikingly brilliant of the stellar groups, lies partly within the Milky Way, extending on both sides of the celestial equator entirely south of the ecliptic, and so is visible from every part of the globe…In Egypt, as everywhere, Orion was of course prominent, especially so in the square zodiac of Denderah, as Horus in a boat surmounted by stars, followed by Sirius, shown as a cow, also in a boat; and nearly three thousand years previously had been sculptured on the walls of the recently discovered step-temple of Sakkara, and in the great Ramesseum of Thebes about 3285 B.C. as Sahu…
The head is marked by lambda, phi1, and phi², the stars alpha (Betelgeuse) and gamma (Bellatrix) pointing out the shoulders, beta (Rigel) and kappa (Saiph) the left foot and right knee. But Sir John Herschel observed from southern latitudes that the inverted view of the constellation well represents a human figure; the stars that we imagine the shoulders appearing for the knees, Rigel forming the head, and Cursa of Eridanus, one of the shoulders.
Saturnus has been another title, but its connection here I cannot learn, although I hazard the guess that as this divinity was the sun-god of the Phoenicians, his name might naturally be used for Uruanna-Orion, the sun-god of the Akkadians. 
What does fixed mean in astrology. Near neighbor to the Twins, Orion may be seen stretching his arms over a vast expanse of sky and rising to the stars with no less huge a stride. A single light marks each of his shining shoulders, and three aslant trace the downward line of his sword: but three mark Orion’s head, which is embedded in high heaven with his countenance remote. It is Orion who leads the constellations as they speed over the full circuit of heaven.
Orion will fashion alert minds and agile bodies, souls prompt to respond to duty’s call, and hearts which press on with unflagging energy in spite of every trial. A son of Orion’s will be worth a multitude and will seem to dwell in every quarter of the city; flying from door to door with the one word of morning greeting, he will enjoy the friendship of all. 
This picture is to show that the coming one is no mere animal, but a man: a mighty, triumphant, glorious prince. He is so pictured in the ancient Denderah Zodiac, where we see a man coming forth pointing to the three bright stars (Rigel, Bellatrix, and Betelgeuse) as his. His name is given as Ha-ga-t, which means this is he who triumphs. The hieroglyphic characters below read Oar. Orion was anciently spelt Oarion, from the Hebrew root, which means light. So that Orion means coming forth as light. The ancient Akkadian was Ur-ana, the light of heaven.
Orion is the most brilliant of all the constellations, and when he comes to the meridian he is accompanied by several adjacent constellations of great splendor. There is then above the horizon the most glorious view of the celestial bodies that the starry firmament affords; and this magnificent view is visible to all the habitable world, because the equinoctial line (or solstitial colure) passes nearly through the middle of Orion.
It contains 78 stars, two being of the 1st magnitude, four of the 2nd, four of the 3rd, sixteen of the 4th, etc. A little way below ι (in the sword) is a very remarkable nebulous star. A common telescope will show that it is a beautiful nebula. A powerful telescope reveals it as consisting of collections of nebulous stars, these again being surrounded by faint luminous points, which still more powerful telescopes would resolve into separate stars. Thus beautifully is set forth the brilliancy and glory of that Light which shall break forth when the moment comes for it to be said, “Arise, shine, for thy light is come.”
The picture presents us with “the Light of the world.” His left foot is significantly placed upon the head of the enemy. He is girded with a glorious girdle, studded with three brilliant stars; and upon this girdle is hung a sharp sword. Its handle proves that this mighty Prince is come forth in a new character. He is again proved to be “the Lamb that was slain,” for the hilt of this sword is in the form of the head and body of a lamb. In his right hand he lifts on high his mighty club; while in his left he holds forth the token of his victory–the head and skin of the “roaring lion.” We ask in wonder, “Who is this?” and the names of the stars give us the answer.
The brightest, α (in the right shoulder), is named Betelgeuz, which means the coming (Mal 3:2) of the branch. The next, β (in the left foot), is named Rigel, or Rigol, which means the foot that crusheth. The foot is lifted up, and placed immediately over the head of the enemy, as though in the very act of crushing it. Thus, the name of the star bespeaks the act. The next star, γ (in the left shoulder), is called Bellatrix, which means quickly coming, or swiftly destroying.
The name of the fourth star, δ (one of the three in the belt), carries us back to the old, old story, that this glorious One was once humbled; that His heel was once bruised. Its name is Al Nitak, the wounded One. * Similarly the star κ (in the right leg) is called Saiph, bruised, which is the very word used in Genesis 3:15, thus connecting Orion with the primeval prophecy. Like Ophiuchus, he has one leg bruised; while, with the other, he is crushing the enemy under foot. * The star ζ (in the belt) is called Mintaka, dividing, as a sacrifice (Lev 8:2).
This is betokened by other stars named Al Rai, who bruises, who breaks (as in Cepheus); and Thabit (Hebrew), treading on. Other (Arabic) names relate to His Person: Al Giauza, the branch; Al Gebor, the mighty; Al Mirzam, the ruler; Al Nagjed, the prince; Niphla (Chaldee), the mighty; Nux (Hebrew), the strong. Some names relate to His coming, as Betelgeuse and Bellatrix, as above; Heka (Chaldee), coming; and Meissa (Hebrew), coming forth.