Pseudoscience includes beliefs, theories, or practices that have been or are considered scientific, but have no basis in scientific fact. This could mean they were disproved scientifically, can't be tested scientifically, or lack evidence to support them. The term generally has a negative connotation. When used, someone's insinuating the topic isn't based on scientific findings and is, therefore, lacking in truth.

Why Astrology Is A Pseudoscience Thagard Summary

Jul 01, 2014 Even though scientific studies have never found evidence for the claims astrologers make, some people still think astrology Some people think astrology is a science – here's why Menu Close. One of them is interest in, and belief in, astrology. So maybe there is something to the old joke: 'I don't believe in astrology, but then I wouldn't. I'm a Gemini, so I'm skeptical.' Astrology, which uses the apparent positions of celestial objects as the basis for the prediction of future events, is a form of divination and a pseudoscience having no scientific validity.

A popular 'science' that's often debunked (or flat out mocked) is astrology. Some people believe the earth's position around other celestial bodies has an impact on our everyday behaviors. Others find it laughable. Who's right and who's wrong? Let's explore further examples of pseudoscience.

Pseudoscience Related to Space and Astronomy


Of all the sciences, it seems astronomy findings should be rather definitive. It's a complex study where, despite the magnitude of studies, we probably haven't even scratched the surface. Let's take a look at pseudosciences that claim to have a basis in astronomy:

  • 2012 Doomsday Scare - Expected that 2012 would bring large-scale disasters or even the end of the world
  • Ancient Aliens - Proposes that aliens have visited Earth in the past and influenced our civilization
  • Apollo Moon Landing Hoax - Contends the original moon landing was faked
  • Astrology - Believes that humans are affected by the position of celestial bodies
  • Crop Circles - Believes patterns that mysteriously appear on farmland are made by aliens
  • Face on Mars - Posits that a rock formation on Mars resembles a face and is evidence of life there

Pseudoscience Related to the Earth

If outer space can be plagued with pseudoscientific beliefs, so can Earth. Is it round? Is it flat? Are we the only inhabitants? Have aliens made countless visits without our knowledge? Here are a few related theories:

Career Horoscope by Zodiac Signs. The modern world assumes a successful existence in all spheres of life. Especially important is the promotion of the career ladder, any oversight can lead to collapse. Business Horoscope contains a forecast for each zodiac sign regarding professional activity. It consists of 12 signs and it denotes animal circle Aries, the first sign is a decisive, energetic, reckless and egotistical, but positive. Taurus, the second sign, takes care for the reproduction (hence the sexuality of the sign, jealousy, possessiveness, childish behaviour). Virgo horoscope animal. Read your daily horoscope and get your daily forecast from our trusted ecologists today!! Animal Sightings & Symbolism; Mind, Body & Spirit. Virgo Daily Horoscope for Today. Virgo Zodiac Sign Dates: August 23 – September 22. Virgo Symbol: The Virgin’s quiet manner is a perfect match for Virgo’s logical outlook and high standards. Earth sign Virgo‘s symbol is the Virgin, and is one of a few zodiac signs that isn’t an animal. Virgo’s zodiac symbol looks like an “M,” which represents the first letter. Virgo is the sixth sign of the zodiac, to be exact, and that’s the way Virgos like it: exacting. Those born under this horoscope sign are forever the butt of jokes for being so picky and critical (and they can be), but their ‘attention to detail’ is for a reason: to help others.

  • Bermuda Triangle - An area where unexplained events, like disappearances of ships and airplanes, have occurred
  • Cryptozoology - The search for Bigfoot (Yeti), the Loch Ness monster, El Chupacabra, and other creatures that biologists believe do not exist
  • Flat Earth Theory - A claim that, since Earth looks and feels flat, it must be flat and disc-shaped
  • Hollow Earth Theory - A belief that the Earth is hollow, at least somewhat, and it is expanding
  • Megalithic or 366 Geometry - Thanks to the Babylonians, most of us believe there are 360 degrees in a circle. However, certain areas, particularly megalithic Britain, believed a circle had 366 degrees and some still believe this to be true today.
  • Mythical Creatures - The belief that fairies, elves, pixies, gnomes and other beings exist

Pseudoscience Related to the Paranormal

Everyone loves a good ghost story, right? And, what if there was a way to commune with a family member who's passed on? Paranormal activity, as a whole, is often debunked by scientists. Let's take a look at some of the particular practices that are often scoffed:

  • Channeling - Communication with a spirit through a person
  • Dowsing - A method of finding water, metals, or precious stones underground by using what's known as a divining rod
  • Electronic Voice Phenomenon (EVP) - Used by ghost hunters to record messages from spirits
  • Extrasensory Perception (ESP) - Covers several methods of gaining information, like clairvoyance, telepathy and remote viewing
  • Levitation - Raising someone or something and suspending it in mid-air
  • Numerology - A belief in a relationship between certain numbers and people or events

Pseudoscience Related to Psychology

In the search for personal development and understanding, people are presented with a plethora of healthy living tips and practices. No longer is seeing a therapist or psychologist enough.

Some of the practices listed below are used by legitimate and respected professionals, while others are dismissed as being based on false pretenses. Let's take a look:

  • Conversion Therapy - Attempts to change a person's sexual preference from homosexual to heterosexual
  • Hypnosis - A method of deep relaxation where the subject is open to suggestions
  • Primal Therapy - Belief that experiences before and during birth influence the way our life unfolds
  • Polygraph - A lie detector test used to determine if the subject is lying by measuring changes in some vital signs
  • Psychoanalysis - Developed by Sigmund Freud, a psychiatric practice aimed at helping people overcome longstanding life difficulties
  • Subliminal Advertising - Receiving data through seeing or hearing, while not being aware of receiving it

Other Pseudoscience Examples

Science creeps into every area of our lives. As such, pseudoscience tends to span everywhere, too. Let's take a look at a few miscellaneous pseudoscience examples.

  • Body Language - The belief that two people send cues to one another based on their body positioning
  • Dianetics - Developed by L. Ron Hubbard, a system believed to cure all mental disorders by dealing with the relationship between the mind and body
  • Feng Shui - Changing spatial orientation in relation to the flow of energy in a room
  • Handwriting Analysis - A belief that a person's personality can be seen through their handwriting
  • What's Real to You?

    It's difficult to convince someone who has seen truths unfold in, say, astrology, that their belief system is based on hogwash. It's not only difficult, it may be unfair. In a world full of psychological practices (some real, some pseudo), why not let everyone try to live their best life?

    In the meantime, if you start to develop any new theories or practices, perhaps you should run them through a scientific experiment. You can learn more about how to test a hypothesis and review sample scenarios in Examples of Hypothesis Testing.

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Source: Composite by G_marius.

Many people around the world believe astrology is a true science that works and help us understand our present and predict our future. However most scientists completely refute the validity of atrological predictions and explanations. Who do you think is right?

Astrology claims that part of our behavior is influenced by astronomical phenomena, and in a way one can predict events. Some people feel that many of the things that happen to them fit the patterns predicted by the horoscope and other astrological means. Others simply think astrologists are not scientists but charlatans and that correct predictions are simply coincidences. Do you think than the situation and movement of planets and stars can affect us? Have you experienced situations predicted by astrology?

Is astrology real?

Historical evidence shows that astrology has been regularly used for the last four thousand years, and remains very popular today. Astrology can be defined as the study of the relative positions and movements of celestial objects as a means for understanding and predicting human affairs and terrestrial events. Many cultures have developed astrology systems, but the Western, Indian and Chinese astrology systems are arguably the most popular today.

Is astrology true? The arguments of astrologers and advocates of astrology

The relative position and movements of celestial objects have influence on earth. For example, the movements of the moon have a huge impact on ocean tides. Some scientific studies have also demonstrated that the relative position of the planets in the solar system is correlated to the weather on earth and agricultural production.


If celestial objects have an influence on the physical world around us, according to the advocates of astrology, there must be also an influence on humans, for example upon their personality and decisions.

Since the relative position of celestial objects changes during the year, astrology has divided people between different groups according to their birth time and date. According to astrology, these different groups of people will have different personality patterns and therefore, behave differently. Astrologers claim to be able to identify these personalities and predict behaviors and interactions. Don't you have friends or family members who pay attention and talk about the horoscope? How many times someone have asked you about your astrological zodiac sign? These advocates or believers will often explain the success or failure in relationships based on the compatibility or incompatibility of their zodiac signs. Astrology followers believe that someone’s personality can be predicted by the date and birth date. The considerable number of followers astrology has all over the planet is also argued as a sign that astrology works. If so many people believe in it, isn't it because to some extent it works?

Is astrology a pseudoscience? The arguments from scientists and skeptics

Scientists have produced many studies on astrology, both to refute the accuracy of astrology systems and to explain why so many people believe astrology is real.

Peter Hartmann conducted, in 2005 one of the most famous studies with a sample group of 4000 persons. The conclusion was that there was no statistical correlation between birth date and personality or intelligence. Another important study was made by Shawn Carlson and published in 1985 in Nature. 28 astrologers agreed on the terms and method of the experiment, which was also validated by other scientists. The result was astrologers could not predict the future better than random chance.

So why do so many people believe in astrology if it does not work? According to available literature, astrology believers tend to selectively remember predictions that turn out to be true, and do not remember those that turn out false. It’s a form of cognitive bias known as confirmation bias.

What do you think? Is astrology a science and its findings true reflection of rigor and methodology or simply wild guesses and coincidence?

Why Is Astrology A Pseudoscience Type

Is astrology real? Is it as a true science or a pseudoscience? Vote in our poll and tell us more about your personal experiences, any example in your life in which astrology worked?


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Why Is Astrology A Pseudoscience

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Why Is Astrology Referred To As A Pseudoscience


Paul Thagard Why Astrology Is A Pseudoscience

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